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摘要: 2016年6月大学英语六级真题参考答案



Part Listening Comprehension





Section A


1. D) Market research consultant.

2. A) Quantitative advertising research.

3. D) They study trends or customer satisfaction over a long period.

4. B) Checking charts and tables.

5. A) His view on Canadian universities.

6. B) It is rather inflexible.

7. C) Everyone should be given equal access to higher education.

8. C) It is hard to say which is better, a public university or a private one.


Section B


9.B) The worsening real wage situation around the world.

10. A) They will feel less pressure to raise employees' wages.

11. C) Employees work shorter hours to avoid layoffs.

12. A) Whether memory supplements work.

13. D) They are not based on real science.

14. D) They are prescribed by trained practitioners.

15. B) Taking them with other medications might entail unnecessary risks.


Section C


16. D) How the negative impacts of natural disasters can be reduced.

17. B) By taking steps to prepare people for them.

18.A) How preventive action can reduce the loss of life.

19. C) Contribute more to the goal of a wider recovery.

20. B) Many smaller regional banks are going to fail.

21. D) It will try to provide more loans.

22. D) It will be necessary if the economy starts to shrink again.

23. A) Being unable to learn new things.

24. A) Cognitive stimulation.

25. C) Endeavoring to give up unhealthy lifestyles.




Section A


1. A) The project the man managed at CucinTech.

2. B) Strategic innovation.

3. C) Innovate constantly.

4. D) Imitation by one's competitors.

5. A) The job of an interpreter.

6. B) Admirable.

7. B) They all have professional qualifications.

8. C) It is more stressful than simultaneous interpreting.


Section B


9. C) It might increase the risk of infants' death.

10. D) Sleeping with infants in the same room has a negative impact on mothers.

11. B) Sleep in the same room but not in the same bed as their babies.

12. A) A lot of native languages have already died out in the US.

13. D) To revitalise America's native languages.

14. A) The US government's policy of Americanising Indian children.

15. C) It speeds up the extinction of native languages.


Section C


16. A) It pays them up to half of their previous wages while they look for work.

17. B) Providing training and guidance for unemployed workers.

18. C) To create more jobs by encouraging private investments in local companies.

19. D) They investigated the ice.

20. D) The ice decrease is more evident than previously thought.

21.C) The decline of Arctie ice is irreversible.

22. D) There is no easy technological solution to it.

23. B) The relation between children's self-control and their future success.

24. B) Those with a criminal record mostly come from single parent families.

25. A) Self-control can be improved through education.


Part Reading Comprehension




Section A


26. O)undertakes

27. K)occupation

28. H)existence

29. J)intolerant

30. A)automatically

31. N)slightly

32. E)emphasizing

33. M)recession

34. D)confused

35. B)beneficial


Section B


36. I) But there are also many examples of growing wealth by trashing the environment, in rich and poor parts of the world alike, whether through unregulated mineral extractions, drastic water use for agriculture, slash-and-burn farming, or fossil-fuel-guzzling (大量消耗) transport. Of course, such growth may not persist in the long termwhich is what Mr. Brown and the Stockholm declaration were both attempting to point out. Perhaps the best example of boom growth and bust decline is the Grand Banks fishery. For almost five centuries a very large supply of cod (鳕鱼) provided abundant raw material for an industry which at its peak employed about 40,000 people, sustaining entire communities in Newfoundland. Then, abruptly, the cod population collapsed. There were no longer enough fish in the sea for the stock to maintain itself, let alone an industry. More than a decade later, there was no sign of the ecosystem re-building itself. It had, apparently, been fished out of existence; and the once mighty Newfoundland fleet now gropes about frantically for crab on the sea floor.



37. C)“The protection and improvement of the human environment is a major issue which affects the well-being of peoples and economic development throughout the world,” read the final declaration from this gathering, the first of a sequence which would lead to the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in 1992 and the World Development Summit in Johannesburg three years ago.


38. L)This view assumes that rich societies will invest in environmental care. But is this right? Do things get better or worse as we get richer. Here the Stockholm declaration is ambiguous. “In the developing countries,” it says, “most of the environmental problems are caused by under-development.” So it is saying that economic development should make for a cleaner world? Not necessarily. “In the industrialised countries, environmental problems are generally related to industrialisation and technological development,” it continues. In other words, poor and rich both over-exploit the natural world, but for different reasons. It's simply not true that economic growth will surely make our world cleaner.


39. D)Hunt through the reports prepared by UN agencies and development groups—many for conferences such as this year's Millennium Goals review—and you will find that the linkage between environmental protection and economic progress is a common thread.


40. K)Whether this is right, and if so where and when the ecological axe will fall, is hard to determine with any precision—which is why governments and financial institutions are only beginning to bring such risks into their economic calculations. It is also the reason why development agencies are not united in their view of environmental issues; while some, like the WRI, maintain that environmental progress needs to go hand-in-hand with economic development,  others  argue that the priority is to build a thriving economy, and then use the wealth created to tackle environmental degradation.


41. E)Managing ecosystems sustainably is more profitable than exploiting them, according to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. But finding hard evidence to support the thesis is not so easy. Thoughts turn first to some sort of global statistic, some indicator which would rate the wealth of nations in both economic and environmental terms and show a relationship between the two.


42. G)The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, a vast four-year global study which reported its initial conclusions earlier this year, found reasons to believe that managing ecosystems sustainably—working with nature rather than against—might be less profitable in the short term, but certainly brings long-term rewards.


43. A) “If our economies are to flourish, if global poverty is to be eliminated and if the well-being of the world's people enhanced—not just in this generation but in succeeding generations—we must make sure we take care of the natural environment and resources on which our economic activity depends.That statement comes not, as you might imagine, from a stereotypical tree-hugging, save-the-world greenie  (环保主义者), but from Gordon Brown, a politician with a reputation for rigour, thoroughness and above all, caution.


44. N)A case can be made that rich nations export environmental problems, the most graphic example being climate change. As a country's wealth grows, so do its greenhouse gas emissions. The figures available will not be completely accurate. Measuring emissions is not a precise science, particularly when it comes to issues surrounding land use; not all nations have released up-to-date data, and in any case, emissions from some sectors such as aviation are not  included in national statistics. But the data is exact enough for a clear trend to be easily discernible. As countries become richer, they produce more greenhouse gases; and the impact of those gases will fall primarily in poor parts of the world.


45. J)There is a view that modern humans are inevitably sowing the seeds of a global Grand Banks-style disaster. The idea is that we are taking more out of what you might call the planet's environmental bank balance than it can sustain; we are living beyond our ecological means. One recent study attempted to calculate the extent of this “ecological overshoot of the human economy”, and found that we are using 1.2 Earth's-worth of environmental goods and services—the implication being that at some point the debt will be called in, and all those services—the things which the planet does for us for free—will grind to a halt.



Section C

Passage One


46. D) Interactive television advertising has not achieved the anticipated results.

47. C) Somewhat doubtful.

48. C) It has placed TV advertising at a great disadvantage.

49. B) It has done well in engaging the viewers.

50. A) They may be due to the novel way of advertising.


Passage Two


51. B) Insufficient demand.

52. D) Groundless.

53. A) The booming defense industry.

54. A) Powerful opposition to government's stimulus efforts.

55. C) To show the urgent need for the government to take action.