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2014年大学英语四级试题

2017-8-8 21:36| 发布者: admin| 查看: 393| 评论: 0

摘要: 2014年大学英语四级试题

2014年大学英语四级试题

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Example:

You will hear:

You will read:

A) At the office.

B) In the waiting room.

C) At the airport.

D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.

Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

1. A) The woman is a close friend of the man.

B) The woman has been working too hard.

C) The woman is seeing a doctor.

D) The woman is tired of her work.C

2. A) This apple pie tastes very good.

B) His mother likes the pie very much.

C) This pie can’t match his mother’s.

D) His mother can’t make apple pies.A

3. A) Take a walk.

B) Give a performance.

C) Listen to the music.

D) Dance to the music.D

4. A) Read an article on political science.

B) Present a different theory to the class.

C) Read more than one article.

D) Choose a better article to read.C

5. A) The woman would understand if she did Mary’s job.

B) The woman should do the typing for Mary.

C) The woman should work as hard as Mary.

D) The woman isn’t a skillful typist.A

6. A) He wants to make an appointment with Mr. Smith.

B) He wants to make sure that Mr. Smith will see him.

C) He wants to change the time of the appointment.

D) He wants the woman to meet him at three o’clock.B

7. A) He gets nervous very easily.

B) He is an inexperienced speaker.

C) He is an awful speaker.

D) He hasn’t prepared his speech well.B

8. A) She didn’t like the books the man bought.

B) There wasn’t a large selection at the bookstore.

C) The man bought a lot of books.

D) She wanted to see what the man bought.C

9. A) Buy a ticket for the tem o’clock flight.

B) Ask the man to change the ticket for her.

C) Go to the airport immediately.

D) Switch to a different flight.D

10. A) Dr. Lemon is waiting for a patient.

B) Dr. Lemon is busy at the moment.

C) Dr. Lemon has lost his patience.

D) Dr. Lemon has gone out to visit a patient.B

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage one

Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A) A car outside the supermarket.

B) A car at the bottom of the hill.

C) Paul’s car.

D) The sports car.C

12. A) Inside the car.

B) At the foot of the hill.

C) In the garage.

D) In the supermarket.D

13. A) The driver of the sports car.

B) The two girls inside the car.

C) The man standing nearby.

D) The salesman from London.A

14. A) Nobody.

B) The two girls.

C) The bus driver.

D) Paul.A

Passage Two

Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

15. A) His friend gave him the wrong key.

B) He didn’t know where the back door was.

C) He couldn’t find the key to his mailbox.

D) It was too dark to put the key in the lock.A

16. A) It was getting dark.

B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend.

C) The birds might have flown away.

D) His friend would arrive any time.B

17. A) He looked silly with only one leg inside the window.

B) He knew the policeman wouldn’t believe him.

C) The torch light made him look very foolish.

D) He realized that he had made a mistake.B

Passage Three

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. A) The threat of poisonous desert animals and plants.

B) The exhaustion of energy resources.

C) The destruction of oil wells.

D) The spread of the black powder from the fires.D

19. A) The underground oil resources have not been affected.

B) Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.

C) The oil lakes soon dried up and stopped evaporating.

D) The underground water resources have not been polluted.D

20. A) To restore the normal production of the oil wells.

B) To estimate the losses caused by the fires.

C) To remove the oil left in the desert.

D) To use the oil left in the oil lakes.C

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Unless we spend money to spot and prevent asteroids (小行星) now, one might crash into Earth and destroy life as we know it, say some scientists.

Asteroids are bigger versions of the meteoroids (流星) that race across the night sky. Most orbit the sun far from Earth and don’t threaten us. But there are also thousands of asteroids whose orbits put them on a collision course with Earth.

Buy $50 million worth of new telescopes right now. Then spend $10 million a year for the next 25 years to locate most of the space rocks. By the time we spot a fatal one, the scientists say, we’ll have a way to change its course.

Some scientists favor pushing asteroids off course with nuclear weapons. But the cost wouldn’t be cheap.

Is it worth it? Two things experts consider when judging any risk re: 1) How likely the event is; and 2) How bad the consequences if the event occurs. Experts think an asteroid big enough to destroy lots of life might strike Earth once every 500,000 years. Sounds pretty rare—but if one did fall, it would be the end of the world. “If we don’t take care of these big asteroids, they’ll take care of us,” says one scientist. “It’s that simple.”

The cure, though, might be worse than the disease. Do we really want fleets of nuclear weapons sitting around on Earth? “The world has less to fear from doomsday (毁灭性的) rocks than from a great nuclear fleet set against them,” said a New York Times article.

21. What does the passage say about asteroids and meteoroids?

A) They are heavenly bodies different in composition.

B) They are heavenly bodies similar in nature.

C) There are more asteroids than meteoroids.

D) Asteroids are more mysterious than meteoroids.B

22. What do scientists say about the collision of an asteroid with Earth?

A) It is very unlikely but the danger exists.

B) Such a collision might occur once every 25 years.

C) Collisions of smaller asteroids with Earth occur more often than expected.

D) It’s still too early to say whether such a collision might occur.A

23. What do people think of the suggestion of using nuclear weapons to alter the courses of asteroids?


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