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英语学习笔记 Delay, delay, delay

2017-9-22 15:44| 发布者: admin| 查看: 492| 评论: 0

摘要: ✸✸ IN1929 Joseph Bower built what was then the world’s longestsuspension bridgebetween Detroit, Michigan, and Windsor, Ontario. He called it the Ambassador Bridge to symbolise Canadian- ...

✸✸  IN1929 Joseph Bower built what was then the world’s longest suspension bridge between Detroit, Michigan, and Windsor, Ontario. He called it the Ambassador Bridge to symbolise Canadian-American friendship. But there is nothing neighbourly about the battle between Manuel Moroun, who bought the bridge in 1979, and Canada’s government, which wants a rival span built 2km (1.2 miles) away.

1 suspension bridge [səˈspenʃən bridʒ]   [səˈspɛnʃən brɪdʒ]  n.吊桥

The static behavior of self-anchored cable-stayed suspension bridge is described with continuum method. 

按连续体的方法描述自锚式斜拉-悬索协作体系桥在竖向荷载作用下的结构静力行为。


✸✸  The Ambassador Bridge is a glaring bottleneck. More than 10,000 lorries, making up 28% of all goods trade between Canada and America, cross it every day. In Windsor, the bridge disgorgestraffic into narrow city streets. “You can drive from Montreal to Miami and only hit 17 stoplights,” an old truckers’ joke goes. “And all 17 are in Windsor, Ontario.” Even a brief bridge closure would be hugely disruptive.

1 bottleneck [ˈbɒtlnek]   [ˈbɑ:tlnek]  n.瓶颈;瓶颈路段(常引起交通堵塞);(尤指工商业发展的)瓶颈;阻碍

He pushed everyone full speed ahead until production hit a bottleneck. 

他催促所有人拼命干活,直到生产遭遇瓶颈。

短语:bottleneck effect [ˈbɔtlˌnek iˈfekt]   [ˈbɑtl:ˌnɛk ɪˈfɛkt]  瓶颈作用

2)  make up [meik ʌp]   [mek ʌp]  组成;化妆;补足;编造

North Africans make up the largest and poorest immigrant group in the country 

北非人构成了该国最大的、也是最贫困的移民群。

3)  disgorge [dɪsˈgɔ:dʒ]   [dɪsˈgɔ:rdʒ]  vt.吐出;呕吐;退出;倒出(食物、液体等)

The ground had opened to disgorge a boiling stream of molten lava. 

大地开裂,汩汩冒出炽热的熔岩。

4) disruptive [dɪsˈrʌptɪv]   [dɪsˈrʌptɪv]  adj.破坏的;分裂性的;扰乱的

Alcohol can produce violent, disruptive behavior 

酒精会引发暴力和破坏性行为。


✸✸  In 2005 Canada unveiled plans for a new bridge named after Gordie Howe, a Canadian ice-hockey hero who played for the Detroit Red Wings. It said the project would create 23,000 jobs, attract  investment and save exporters time and money. It would also inflict collateral damage on Mr Moroun: the Howe is expected to slash the Ambassador’s toll income by 35-50%.

1) collateral damage   [kəˈlætərəl ˈdæmidʒ]   [kəˈlætərəl ˈdæmɪdʒ]  附带损害

To minimize collateral damage maximum precision in bombing was required. 

为了尽量减低附带性破坏,轰炸须做到最大程度的精确。


 ✸✸ Mr Moroun has defended the status quo tenaciously. He has argued that Canada reneged on promises to improve road links to the Ambassador. He successfully lobbied for a statewide referendum on the new bridge, only to see Michigan voters support it. His companies refused to sell properties needed for a new customs plaza until Michigan’s government expropriated them. And entities he controls have filed lawsuits against governments at all levels on both sides. On August 29th a Michigan judge dismissed one suit, which claimed the state had illegally spent money on the bridge without legislative approval.

1) status quo [ˌsteɪtəs ˈkwəʊ]   [ˌsteɪtəs ˈkwoʊ]  n.现状

By 492 votes to 391, the federation voted to maintain the status quo 

联邦以492票对391票的投票结果决定维持现状。

短语:status quo ante [ˈsteitəs k'wəʊ ˈænti:]   [ˈstetəs k'wəʊ ˈænti]  <>原状,以前状况

He did not readily embrace my suggestion of a return to the status quo ante. 

他不怎么乐意接受我提出的恢复交战前状况的建议。

2 renege [rɪˈni:g]   [rɪˈnɪɡ,-ˈnɛɡ,-ˈniɡ]  vi.食言;违例出牌 vt.拒绝;放弃;否认;食言,违约 n.出牌违例;[]有某种花色的牌可跟而违反规则不跟

If someone reneged on a deal, they could never trade here again. 

谁要是违背了约定,就永远不能再在这里进行交易。

3 expropriate [eksˈprəʊprieɪt]   [eksˈproʊprieɪt]  vt.没收(财产),征用;剥夺的所有权

The Bolsheviks expropriated the property of the landowners. 

布尔什维克征收了地主的财产。


 

 


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