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英语学习笔记 OurLexington columnist bids an anxious farewell

2017-9-19 13:11| 发布者: admin| 查看: 398| 评论: 0

摘要: ​​ ​​✸✸AS LEXINGTON writes this, his 244th and final column on America, ablack-and-whitephotographlooks downfrom an office wall.Taken inNew York in about1940, it ...

​​ ​​✸✸ AS LEXINGTON writes this, his 244th and final column on America, a black-and-whitephotograph looks down from an office wall. Taken in New York in about1940, it shows your columnist’s late father, then a serious young man in his 20s, hard at work for a British government agency tasked with bringing America into the second world war. This mission involved both appeals to high-minded principle and to sentiment—tales of British civilian pluck were a staple—to counter the rhetoric of the America First Committee and other isolationists.

1) black-and-white [b'læk'ændw'aɪt]   [ˌblækənˈhwaɪt, -ˈwaɪt]  adj.用笔写的,印刷的,黑白混合的

He has illustrated the book with black-and-white photographs. 

他为那本书配了一些黑白照片插图。

2) look down [luk daun]   [lʊk daʊn]  v.俯视,跌价,用目光压倒;

I wish you wouldn't look down on this kind of work. 

我希望你不要看不起这种工作。

3) take in [teik in]   [tek ɪn]  吸收;领会;欺骗;接待; 收留,收容; 带走,抓走; 看清,看明白

He persuaded Jo to take him in 

他说服乔把他收留了下来。

4) appeal to [əˈpi:l tu:]   [əˈpil tu]  诉诸武力;投诉;呼吁;有吸引力

Economic change for its own sake did not appeal to him 

经济变化本身对他并没有吸引力。

短语:appeal to for [əˈpi:l tu: fɔ:]   [əˈpil tu fɔr]  求助

You and I need to appeal to God for mercy. 

你和我都需要恳求神的怜悯。


​​  ​​✸✸ During two postings to Washington, DC, this Lexington has tried to remember that history lesson. America remains an indispensable nation. But understandably, the will to bear that burden cannot be taken for granted. For Americans to remain open to the world, at once leading and profiting from a post-war order that their country in large part designed, both heads and hearts must be won. With each new generation, that work needs repeating.

1) try to [trai tu:]   [traɪ tu]  设法

One child shrinks away from me when I try to talk to him 

当我试图和一个孩子说话时,他避开了我。

短语:try to do [trai tu: du:]   [traɪ tu du]   试着做某事;尽力做某事

try to find [trai tu: faind]   [traɪ tu faɪnd]   找;翻寻

try to persuade [trai tu: pəˈsweid]   [traɪ tu pɚˈswed]  劝导;说项;

2) take for granted  [teik fɔ: ˈgrɑ:ntɪd]   [tek fɔr ˈɡræntɪd]  认为理所当然, 想当然;轻信

I came into adult life clueless about a lot of things that most people take forgranted 

我已成年,却对许多大部分人认为理所当然的事情一窍不通。


✸✸ Enter President Donald Trump. A natural demagogue, he spotted how, after years of the war on terror, America was weary of trying to fix an ungrateful world. He grasped how, at home, millions could conceive of no benign explanation for economic and social changes that worried or disgusted them, and heard no argument from the two main parties that reassured them. He sensed that voters are more than adding machines, weighing the costs and benefits of this stale tax plan or that tired promise of help. He won in part by understanding how much people need to feel that they are useful, respected and heeded. A better man than Mr Trump could have done great things with that insight.

1) be weary of [bi: ˈwiəri ɔv]   [bi ˈwɪri ʌv]  v.;厌烦,不耐烦

He'd spent too long in the same job, and was beginning to be weary of it.

他干同样的工作干得太久,开始感到厌倦了。


✸✸  In years of reporting from a total of 46 states, a handful of encounters stand out. They showed how, when Americans think they are arguing about points of ideology or fact (or confected para-facts), they are often wrangling about who is a good person, with a right to be heard.

1) a handful of [ə ˈhændful ɔv]   [e ˈhændˌfʊl ʌv]  adj.一把,少数、几个、不多

I'd taken a handful of uppers. 

我吃了几片兴奋剂。

2) stand out [stænd aut]   [stænd aʊt]  突出;坚持;超群;向前跨步

Every tree, wall and fence stood out against dazzling white fields 

每棵树、每堵墙和每道栅栏都在白得耀眼的田野映衬下十分夺目。

3) wrangle [ˈræŋgl]   [ˈræŋɡəl]  vi.争吵;争论 vt.通过争辩使某人…;放牧 n.争吵;吵架

The two sides have spent most of their time wrangling over proceduralproblems 

双方大部分时间都在围绕程序问题争论不休。

 


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