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英语学习笔记 A load of rubbish

2017-9-13 13:24| 发布者: admin| 查看: 325| 评论: 0

摘要: ​​✸✸MANAGING rubbish in Alaska’s bush villages—small communities accessible only by boat or aircraft and often hundreds of miles from the nearest highway—is hard. Waste—i ...

​​✸✸ MANAGING rubbish in Alaska’s bush villages—small communities accessible only by boat or aircraft and often hundreds of miles from the nearest highway—is hard. Waste—including freezers, computers and vehicles—piles up with no easy way to remove it. Rural landfills, which are mostly open, unlined and unmanaged, spill across tundra and into nearby rivers, and hazardous materialsleach into soil and water. Smoke from burning trash blows into villages, sometimes closing schools. From 2020, funding from the Environmental Protection Agency that has been essential for dealing with rubbish in these remote places will disappear.

1) pile up [pail ʌp]   [paɪl ʌp]  堆放,堆积;积聚;成堆

Problems were piling up at work 

工作中的问题越积越多。

2) no easy way 无捷径

We have at last awaken John to the fact there's no easy way to success. 

我们终于使约翰认识到成功之路无捷径可走。

3)  leach into 渗入

A separate problem may be that some metals or chemicals leach into the brine. 

另外一个需要单独加以考虑的问题是,一些金属或者化合物会渗入卤水。

4) blow into [bləu ˈɪntuː]   [blo ˈɪntu]  (使)吹进

He showed him how to blow into the ivory mouthpiece. 

他给他演示如何吹奏象牙吹口乐器。


✸✸ Jan Olson is the City Administrator in Hooper Bay, a village of about1,200 people at the edge ofthe Bering Sea, where children learn Yupikin school. Mr Olson describes his home as a “hunter’s dream, a gatherer’s dream”. Open tundra stretches for miles. A short distance from the village, residents can fill their larders with moose, seals, whale, walrus, geese, ducks, fish, clams and berries.

1) at the edge of [æt eə edʒ ɔv]   [æt ei ɛdʒ ʌv] 边上

He came to a halt at the edge of a steep incline. 

他在一个陡坡边上停住了。


✸✸  Mr Olson, whose office is less than 150 yards from the landfill, estimates that residents junk five to ten refrigerators each year and the same number of four wheelers. Computers and other electronic waste as well as hazardous materials, such as car batteries and used motor oil, accumulate too. Complicating matters is the fact that more than half of village households—about 6,000 homes across the state—do not have indoor plumbing and instead rely on “honey buckets”, five-gallon buckets lined with a plastic bag and with a loo seat perched on top. Residents dump their buckets by foot or all-terrain vehicle in the landfill. The stench wafts into the nearby cemetery during funerals.

1) rely on [riˈlai ɔn]   [rɪˈlaɪ ɑn]  依靠; 依赖;信赖;信任

We had to rely on a compass and a lot of luck to get here. 

我们不得不依靠指南针和不错的运气找到这儿来。


 ✸✸ Research has linked birth defects, premature births and low birth weights—as well astemporary faintness, headaches, and nausea—to the open dumps. Leaching threatens drinking water. Most rural communities burn rubbish regularly. The smoke can contain dioxins, benzene and PCBs. Mr Olson attributes a recent outbreak of skin sores on local children to the fumes from a fire illicitly set at the dump.

1) as well as [æz wel æz]   [æz wɛl æz]  adv.也,又 …;之外(也);此外

They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school. 

他们参观了这所学校,还参观了工厂和医院。


✸✸ Federal funds have been essential in helping people manage solid waste, shipping out hazardous materials for proper treatment, hiring landfill operators and educating local residents. In Hooper Bay, a village where 40% of the residents live below the federal poverty level, the expirationof these EPA grants will leave a big gap. “It’s already impossible to keep up with the junk,” Mr Olson said. “It’s going to get harder.”

1) expiration [ˌekspəˈreɪʃn]   [ˌɛkspəˈreʃən]   n. 呼气;截止;满期;(气的)呼出

Period may be extended upon expiration ( through agreement). 

通过协议可以延长期限。

短语:expiration date [ˌekspɪˈreɪʃɵn deit]   [ˌɛkspəˈreʃən det]  n.截止日期;产品有效期

2 keep up with  [ki:p ʌp wie]   [kip ʌp wɪe]  紧跟;跟上, 不落人之后;齐肩并进

She was skipping to keep up with him. 

她连蹦带跳地走着,好跟上他的步伐。

短语:keep up with the time  [ki:p ʌp wie eə taim]   [kip ʌp wɪe ei taɪm]  与时俱进 与时俱进

Only in this way can we keep on learning throughout our lifetime and always keep up with the time. 

只有这样,才能终生学习,永远不会被时代所淘汰。

 


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