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十年考研真题完形填空中常见的短语2

2019-4-9 10:43| 发布者: admin| 查看: 166| 评论: 0

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十年考研真题完形填空中常见的短语2

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9)英语热词38

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191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食

192. differ from…in 的区别在于

193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,

194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 解雇, 开除

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退; in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪

196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列

197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉

198. beyond dispute 不容争议的,无可争议

199. in dispute 在争议中

200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 截然不同

202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别

203. distinguish…from 区别开

204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill)

杀掉, 镇压

205. have…to do with 有关系

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)表示疑惑

208. be due to 是由于

209. come off duty 下班

210. go on duty 上班

211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务()

213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱

215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)..有鉴赏力

216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话

217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然

218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力

219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束

220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束

221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省

222. have an effect on 有影响

223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效

224. go into effect 生效. ( : come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)

225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上

226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使生效

227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果

228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效

229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是

230. to that effect 是那个意思的

231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)

232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在

233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. In his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲

234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 鼓励某人做某事

235. on end (=continuously) 连续地

236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了

237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量

238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终

239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽

240. end up with 而结束

241. come to and end (=finish) 结束

242. end in 为结束

243. engage in be engaged in 忙于,从事

244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加

245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)

246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始 (一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)

247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格

248. be equal to 等于

249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付 on equal

terms(=on and equal footing)平等地

250. be equipped with 装备有,装有

251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于

252. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上

253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何

254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样

255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与 but 连用)

256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..

257. except 以外; besides 以外还有..

258. except (=but) 除了。

259. except for (=apart from) 以外

260. (an) exception to …的例外

261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 以外

262. in excess of (=more than) 超过

263. exchange…for 交换

264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括

265. in excuse of 作为的借口

266. exert…on… 施加

267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲

268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use 开始使用; come into effect

始运转; come into fashion 开始时新; come into action 开始行动; come into power 开始执政;

come into sight 进入视野;come into blossom 开花;

269. (be) in existence 存在 come into existence 出现

270. expect…of 期望

271. at the expense of 在损害情况下,为牺牲

272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使(危险,风险)

273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….

274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的

275. give expression to 表达, 表现 find expression in 表现

276. to …extent 程度上

277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其

278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)

279. close (shut) one’s eyes to 不理会,视而不见

280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中

281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间

282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视

283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里

284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来

285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)

286. in one’s face 当着某人的面; face to faced 面对面; face up to 大胆面向

287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败

288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地

289. keep faith with 守信用

290. lose faith in 失去信心

291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地

292. faithful to (=loyal to) 忠诚

293. fall into the habit (of) 养成习惯

294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于

295. familiar with 熟悉,了解

296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要

297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢

298. by far , 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用)

299. far from 远远不是

300. far from 非但不…(而且)

301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行

302. after the fashion (of) 依照

303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对吹毛求疵

304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错

305. in favour of 赞成

306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱; out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠

307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage).有利

308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的

309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 担心

310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕

311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心

312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 喂养

313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了

314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要

315. fill in 填写

316. fill out ( =fill in )填写

317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就

318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事

319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火

320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见

321. for the first time 第一次 (作状语)

322. in the first place 首先, 第一

323. fit into 刚好放入

324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致

325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合

326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在上;focus sth. on 集中在

327. be fond of 喜欢

328. (be) in force 有效 , 实施

329. go into force 开始生效

330. by force 靠武力, 强行

331. force…on 强加给

332. in the form of 形式

333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气

334. free of charge 免费

335. be freed from 免受, 没有

336. in front of 前面 in the front of 前部

337. furnish…with (=supply) 提供

338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常

339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at 看一眼(强调动作)

340. be good for 有好处;有作用;be good at 擅长于; be good to

341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)

342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地

343. take…for granted (=assume to be true) 认为理所当然的.

344. be grateful to sb. for sth 感谢某人

345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于

346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空

347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕;(be) on guard 站岗

348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止 guard…against 警卫防止

349. guess at , 估计

350. by guess 靠猜

351. be guilty of 犯有罪或过失

352. be in the habit of 习惯于

353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)

354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)

355. get (fall) into the habit of 养成了的习惯

356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住

357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)

358. by hand 用手工()

359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为*, 密切合作

360. in hand 1)在手边 2)(=under control)控制住

361. in the hands of 掌握, 控制, 负责

362. live from hand to mouth 勉强度日,现挣现吃

363. at the head of 的前头

364. head for (=move towards) 方向前进

365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过

366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上

367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上

368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, ()

369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地

370. with all one’s heart 全心全意地,真心实意

371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做

372. be (go) on holiday ()度假;go on holiday = go for a holiday

373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束,熟悉

374. be honest in 诚实

375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念

376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保

377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有

378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是

379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地

380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同

381. be identified with 被视为与等同

382. in ignorance of 不知道

383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 不了解,不知道

384. (an) impact (on) 的强烈影响

385. impose…on 强加给

386. impress…on 留下印象

387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 留下印象

388. under the impression that ..的印象,认为

389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进;improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…)

做一物比原物更好

390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些

391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转

392. include…in 列在里面

393. inclusive of 包括在内

394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的

395. indicative of 表明, 说明

396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎

397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) ; superior to

398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉

399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的

400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要

401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是

402. instruct…in (=teach) .指导.训练某人

403. insure…for 保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使确信,保证

404. insure…against 保险以防

 


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