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2020考研英语翻译高分必看技巧10

2019-1-26 14:00| 发布者: admin| 查看: 104| 评论: 0

摘要: 英语二翻译历年真题及答案免费赠送福利:1)外刊精读笔记405篇2)金融时报好句子33篇3)领导人演讲致辞双语52篇4)纽约时报双语31篇5)英语热词29篇请加个人WX:Blucestudy py圈1、2015 年考研英语二翻译真题及答案 ...

英语二翻译历年真题及答案

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12015 年考研英语二翻译真题及答案

    <原文>

Think about driving a route that's very familiar. It could be your commute to work, a trip into town or the way home. Whichever it is, you know every twist and turn like the back of your hand. On these sorts of trips it's easy to lose concentration on the driving and pay little attention to the passing scenery. The consequence is that you

perceive that the trip has taken less time than it actually has.

This is the well-travelled road effect: people tend to underestimate the time it takes to travel a familiar route. The effect is caused by the way we allocate our attention. When we travel down a well-known route, because we don't have to concentrate much, time seems to flow more quickly. And afterwards, when we come to think back

on it, we can't remember the journey well because we didn't pay much attention to it. So we assume it was shorter.

    <点评> 今年英语二的翻译在难度上有所上升。文中,虽没有出现太多的生词,但整体要从语义上完整通顺地译出来,这就需要考生结合上下文,采用增词,意译的方式来处理。对于临时抱佛脚的考生而言,实属有难度。

同时也给备考 2020的同学以警醒:在掌握翻译技巧的同时,一定要夯实基础,平时多加练习,才能应对自如。

    <参考译文>

想想看在一条非常熟悉的路上驾驶的感觉,这可能发生在上班,进城或回家的路上。无论如何,你会熟悉路上的每一个迂回曲折。在这类旅行中,我们很容易会分散注意力并且不太关注路边的风景。结果就是你误以为旅途比实际所用的时间要少。这是美妙的旅程所产生的效果:人们往往会低估在熟悉的旅程中所用掉的时间。我们分散注意力的方式会导致这种结果。当我们在知名的路途中行驶时,我们不必过于集中精力,时间似乎过得飞快。随后,当我们回想整个过程时,由于没有特别留神,会变得印象模糊。此时,我们似乎会觉得这段旅程会更短些。

22014 年考研英语()翻译真题及答案

 Translate the following text from English into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15

points)

 Most people would define optimism as endlessly happy, with a glass that’s perpetually half fall. But that’s exactly the kind of false deerfulness that positive psychologists wouldn’t recommend. “Healthy optimists means being in touch with reality.” says Tal Ben-Shahar, a Harvard professor, According to Ben- Shalar,realistic optimists are these who make the best of things that happen, but not those who believe everything happens for the best. Ben-Shalar uses three optimistic exercisers. When he feels down-sag, after giving a bad lecture-he grants himself permission to be human. He reminds himself that mot every lecture can be a Nobel winner; some will be less effective than others. Next is reconstruction, He analyzes the weak lecture, leaning lessons, for the future about what works and what doesn’t. Finally, there is perspective, which involves acknowledging that in the ground scheme of life, one lecture really doesn’t matter.

答案:

1.大多数人愿意把乐观定义为无尽的欢乐,就像一只总是装着半杯水的杯子。但那是一种绝不会为积极心理学家所称道的虚假的快乐。哈佛大学的 Tal Ben-Shahar 教授说,健康的乐观主义意味着要处于现实之中。Ben-Shahar 看来,现实的乐观主义者会因势利导,而非求全责备。

2.Ben-Shahar 会使用三种乐观的方法。比如说,当他进行了一次糟糕的演讲感到心情郁闷的时候,他会告诉自己这是很正常的事。他会提醒自己:并不是每一次演讲都可以获得诺贝尔获,总会有一些人的演讲效果不及其他人,下次进行改进即可。他分析了些效果不好的演讲并且从那些起作用和不起作用的演讲中吸取教训为将来做准备。最后,现在存在这样一个观点,即在生活的宏伟计划中,一次演讲是无关紧要的。

32013 年考研英语()翻译真题及答案

 Section III Translation

46. Directions: Translate the following text from English to Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER

SHEET2. (15 points)

 I can pick a date from the past 53 years and know instantly where I was, what happened in the news and even the day of the week, I’ve been able to do this, since I was 4. I never feel overwhelmed with the amount of information my brain absorbs. My mind seems to be able to cope and the information is stored away neatly. When I think of a sad memory, I do what everybody does – try to put it to one side. I don’t think it’s harder for me just because my memory is clearer. Powerful memory doesn’t make my emotions any more acute or vivid. I can recall the day my grandfather died and the sadness I felt when we went to the hospital the day before. I also remember that the musical Hair opened on Broadway on the same day – they both just pop into my mind in the same way.

答案:

从过去的 53 年里随便找出一天,我都能够立刻想起那一天我在哪里,那一天发生了什么新闻,甚至那一天是星期几。从 4 岁起,我就能这么做了。我从来没有为自己所记住的大量的事情而感到不知所措。我似乎能够应对这种状况,能够有条理地将这些信息记在脑子里。当我想起悲伤的事情时,我会像每个人一样,尽力把它放在一边,不去想它。我并不认我因为我的记忆非常清晰,这么做对我来说就很难。强大的记忆力并不能使我的情感更加敏锐和生动。我能够记得我祖父去世的那一天,以及前一天我们去医院的路上所感到的悲伤。同样,我也能记得同一天在百老汇上演的音乐剧《Hair——这些事情都以同样的方式在我脑海里突然浮现。

42012 年考研英语()翻译真题及答案

 When people in developing countries worry about migration, they are usually concerned at the prospect of their best and brightest departure to Silicon Valley or to hospitals and universities in the developed world. These are the kind of workers that countries like Britain, Canada Australia try to attract by using immigration rules that

privilege college graduates. Lots of studies have found that well-educated people from developing countries are particularly likely to emigrate. A big survey of Indian households in 2004 found that nearly 40% of emigrants had more than a high-school education, compared with around 3.3% of all Indians over the age of 25. The “brain drain” has long bothered policymakers in poor countries. They fear that it hurts their economies, depriving them of much-needed skilled workers who could have taught at their universities, worked in their hospitals and come up with clever new products for their factories to make.

答案:

发展中国家的人们若为移民问题操心,往往是想到硅谷或发达国家的医院和大学去创造自己最辉煌的未来。英国、加拿大和澳大利亚等国给大学毕业生提供的优惠移民政策,就是为了吸引这部分人群。诸多研究表明,发展中国家受过良好教育的人才往往可能有移民倾向。2004 年,曾针对印度家庭进行过一次大型调查,结果发现,近 40%有移民倾向的人受过中学以上教育,而 25 岁以上的印度人只有约 3.3%受过中学以上教育。人才流失问题长期以来一直让发展中国家的决策者很苦恼,他们担心这种情况会危及其经济发展,夺去他们紧缺的技术人才,而这些人才本该在他们自己的大学任教,在他们自己的医院工作,为他们自己的工厂研发新产品。

52011 年考研英语()翻译真题及答案

Direction

 In this section there is a text in English. Translate it into Chinese, write your translation on ANSWER SHEET

2. (15points)

Who would have thought that, globally, the IT industry produces about the same volumes of greenhouse gases as the world’s airlines do-rough 2 percent of all CO2 emissions? Many everyday tasks take a surprising toll on the environment. A Google search can leak between 0.2 and 7.0 grams of CO2 depending on how many attempts are needed to get the “right” answer. To deliver results to its users quickly, then, Google has to maintain vast data centres round the world, packed with powerful computers. While producing large quantities of CO2, these computers emit a great deal of heat, so the centres need to be well air-conditioned, which uses even more energy. However, Google and other big tech providers monitor their efficiency closely and make improvements. Monitoring is the first step on the road to reduction, but there is much to be done, and not just by big companies.

答案:

有谁会想到,在全球范围内,IT 行业产生的温室气体跟全球航空公司产生的一样多?占二氧化碳总排量的 2%。很多日常工作对环境造成了让人震惊的破坏作用。根据你查询正确答案的尝试次数,谷歌搜索引擎会插手 0.2-7 克的二氧化碳的排放量。要快速将结果传递给用户,谷歌必须用强大和大量的计算机系统来维护全球巨大的数据库中心。这些计算机在散发大量热量的同时也产生大量的二氧化碳气体。所以中心处理器必须要有很好的散热装备,然而却耗能更多。

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