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2020 考研英语翻译常见十大句型解读7

2019-1-23 09:37| 发布者: admin| 查看: 83| 评论: 0

摘要: 2020 考研英语翻译常见十大句型解读 免费赠送福利: 1)外刊精读笔记405篇 2)金融时报好句子33篇 3)领导人演讲致辞双语52篇 4)纽约时报双语31篇 5)英语热词29篇 请加个人WX:Blucestudy py圈 1、 It is +that ...

2020 考研英语翻译常见十大句型解读

免费赠送福利:
1
)外刊精读笔记405 
2
)金融时报好句子33 
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)领导人演讲致辞双语52
4
)纽约时报双语31 
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)英语热词29
请加个人WXBlucestudy py


1 It is +that 句型
It was my father who did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.
昨天晚上在实验室做实验的正是我父亲。 (强调主语)
It was Professor Wu that (who) sent me the letter.
给我寄信的正是吴教授。 (强调主语)
It was I myself who opened the window.
是我自己打开的窗户。 (强调主语及其同位语)
It is this novel they talked about last week.
他们上周讨论的就是这本小说。 (强调宾语)
It was your mother-in-law that (whom) I met in the park the day before yesterday.
前天我在公园里碰到的正是你的岳母。 (强调宾语)
It was at an evening party that I first saw her.
我是在一次晚会上第一次见到她的。 (强调状语)
It was when Hemingway lived in Cuba that he wrote The Old Man and the Sea.
海明威是生活在古巴的时候写的《老人与海》。 (强调状语)
It is only when one is ill that one realizes the importance of health.
只有在人们生病了才知道健康的重要性。 (强调状语)
It was not until recently that scientists know much about lung cancer.
直到最近,科学家才对肺癌有较多的了解。 (强调状语)

2、名词性从句
1.主语扩展
I, the most considerate and handsome boy in the world, love you.
这句话通过给主语添加同位语 the most considerate and handsome boy in the world 使其变复杂了
I
who is the most considerate and handsome boy in the world love you.
这句话通过给主语添加 who 引导的定语从句 who is the most considerate and handsome boy in the world
使其变复杂了
2.谓语扩展
I love you with heart and soul.
这句话通过给谓语动词 love 添加介词短语 with heart and soul 作状语,使其变复杂了
I love you more than I can say.
这句话通过给谓语动词 love 添加比较状语从句 more than I can say 作程度状语,使其变复杂了
I love you, willing to do everything for you.
这句话通过给谓语动词添加分词短语作伴随状语,使其变复杂了
3.宾语扩展
I love you, the smartest girl in the world
这句话通过给宾语添加名词短语 the smartest girl inthe world 作同位语,使其变复杂了
I love you who is the smartest girl in the world

这句话通过给宾语添加 who 引导的定语从句 who is the smartest girl in the world 做定语,使其变复杂了
3、虚拟语气
1、由 wish 引起的表示愿望的虚拟语气
The picture exhibition bored me to death; I wish I had not gone to it.
---“I let Joe borrow our radio for the afternoon.”
---“That’s all right, but I wish he would buy one of his own.”
I wish that he weren’t so lazy.
2 had hoped 引起的宾语从句中备用语动词形式为 would+动词原形,表示一种过去未实现的愿望或令
人失望的事。
His father had hoped that his son would go to business with him, but his son became an artist later.
3 would (had) rather, would as soon, would sooner would prefer 所引起的从句中要求用过去式表
示当时或将来的情况,用过去完成时表示过去的情况,表示希望或婉转的责备。例如:
I would just as soon you had returned the book yesterday.
我真希望你昨天把这本书还了。
4 It’s (high, about) time that 句型中 that 从句中要求用虚拟语气形式,即动词要用过去式。
It is high time that we put an end to this discussion.
现在是我们该结束讲座的时候了。
5 as, 或者 whether…or…谓语多用 be 的原形,引导让步虚拟从句,这种用法通常采用倒装结构:
Church as we use the word refers to all religious institutions, be they Christian, Islamivc, Buddhist, Jewish, and so on.
The business of each day, be it selling goods or shipping them, went quite smoothly.
6、由连接词 in case, so that ,unless, lest ,for fear that 引起的状语从句中,谓语动词要用虚拟形式,即
should(might, would)+
动词原形,例如:
She put a blanket over the baby for fear that he should catch cold.

她在那个婴儿身上盖上了毯子以免他着凉。
7 if it were not for…与现在事实相反, if it had not been for 与过去事实相反,两个都相当于 but for
If it had not been for his help(=but for his help),we would not have succeeded.
8 虚拟语气用于 as if(though)引起的方式状语从句和表语从句中,其动词形式与 wish 宾语从句的形
式相同。 例如:She often laughs spontaneously, and her good humor breaks out as brightly as if it were a part of the sunshine above.

她常常发出发自内心的微笑,而且她那美好的情绪像天上一道明亮的阳光一样,常常流露出来。
They talked as if they had been friends for years.
他们交谈着,就好像他们是我年的老朋友一样。
9、其它各种句型, as though, suppose, had rather, supposing, if only 等等
If I were in a movie, then it would be about time that I buried my head in my hands for a cry.
4、非谓语动词
1.不定式和动名词作主语的区别
(1)动名词作主语通常表示抽象动作;而不定式作主语表示具体动作。
Smoking is prohibited(
禁止)here.这里禁止抽烟。 (抽象)
It is not very good for you to smoke so much.
你抽这么多烟对你身体很不好。 (具体)
(2)
动名词作主语时,通常用以表示一件已知的事或经验。
不定式短语通常用来表示一件未完成的事或目的。
Climbing mountains is interesting.
爬山很有趣。
Driving a car during the rush hour is tiring.
在高峰时刻开车令人厌烦。
(3)
不定式做主语,一般用 it 当形式主语,把作主语的不定式短语后置。
It took me only five minutes to finish the job.
2.不定式、的动名词和分词作表语
(1)不定式作表语
1)
不定式作表语一般表示具体动作,特别是表示将来的动作。
To do two things at a time is to do neither.--
次做两件事等于未做。
What I would suggest is to start work at once.
我的建议是立刻开始干。
2)
如果主语是不定式(表示条件),表语也是不定式(表示结果)
To see is to believe.
百闻不如一见。
To work means to earn a living.
工作就是为了生活。
3)
如果主语是以 aimdutyhopeideahappinessjobplanproblempurposethingwish 等为中心的名词,或以 what 引导的名词性从句,不定式作表语是对主语起补充说明作用。
His wish is to buy a luxurious car in the near future.
他的希望是在不远的将来买一辆豪华轿车。
(2)
动名词作表语:动名词作表语,表示抽象的一般性的行为。
Our work is serving the people.
我们的工作是为人民服务。
His hobby is collecting stamps.
他的爱好是集邮。
(3)
分词作表语
分词做表语有两种情况,一种是现在分词做表语,一种是过去分词做表语,这两者区别是考试中经常考到的地方。一般来说,表示心理状态的动词如 exciteinterest 等都是及物动词,汉语意思不是激动 高兴,而是使激动、的使高兴,因而现在分词应该是令人激动的、的令人高兴的,过去分
词则是感到激动的感到高兴的。所以,凡表示令人……都是-ing 形式,凡是表示感到……”
都用-ed 形式。换句话说,若人对……感兴趣,就是 somebody is interested in...,若人/物本身有兴趣时,就是说
sb./sth. is interesting.
这类词常见的有:
encouraging
令人鼓舞的--encouraged 感到鼓舞的
pleasing
令人愉快的--pleased 感到愉快的
puzzling
令人费解的--puzzled 感到费解的
satisfying
令人满意的---satisfied 感到满意的
surprising
令人惊异的--surprised 感到惊异的
worrying
令人担心的--worried 感到担心的
interesting
使人感到高兴--interested 感到高兴的
exciting
令人激动的--excited 感到激动的
delighting
令人高兴的--delighted 感到高兴的
disappointing
令人失望的--disappointed 感到失望的
Traveling is interesting but tiring.
旅行是有趣的,但是使人疲劳。
The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too much.
如果要学生学得太多,他们会感到糊涂的。
The argument is very convincing.
他的论点很令人信服。
They were very excited at the news.
听到这个消息,他们非常激动。
5、否定句
形式肯定但意义否结合起来,就是通常人们所说的正话反说、反话正说的翻译技巧。常见的
带有隐含肯定意义的词组或单词主要有:none other than(不是别的人或物而正是)none the less(依然,仍然)
not but that(
虽然)“make nothing of ” (……等闲视之)not…until(直到……)not…too(……越好)none
but(
只有)nothing but(只有,只不过)nothing more than(仅仅)no sooner…than(刚一……)for nothing(
然,免费)not only…but also(不仅……而且)not…long before(很快就)no more than(仅仅,只是)no other
than(
只有,正是)等。
There is no material but will deform more or less under the action of forces.
各种材料在力的作用下,多少都会有些变形。
They gave me the wrong book, and I didn’ t notice it until I got back to my room.
他们把书给错了。直到我回到我的房间才注意到了。


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