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外刊(纽约时报):长城汽车有意收购吉普[03]

2018-7-18 21:23| 发布者: admin| 查看: 940| 评论: 0

摘要: Jeep’s difficulties in China, and the extent to which it found itself transferring considerable technology to China in exchange for short-term financial gains, were an early lesson for Western busine ...

Jeep’s difficulties in China, and the extent to which it found itself transferring considerable technology to China in exchange for short-term financial gains, were an early lesson for Western businesses and the Chinese government alike, and were chronicled in a popular 1989 book, Beijing Jeep.

吉普在中国遭遇的种种困难,以及在一定程度上把大量技术转移到中国以便换取短期经济收益的做法,让西方企业和中国政府都受到了启蒙教育,并被详细载入了出版于1989年的畅销书《北京吉普》(Beijing Jeep)。

chronicle /ˈkrɒnɪkəl/

1.V-T To chronicle a series of events means to write about them or show them in broadcasts in the order in which they happened. 按发生时间顺序编写或播放

lThe series chronicles the everyday adventures of two eternal bachelors.

 这部丛书按时间顺序记载了两个终生未婚男子每天的奇遇。

2.N-COUNT A chronicle is an account or record of a series of events. 编年史

l ...this vast chronicle of Napoleonic times.

 …这本关于拿破仑时期的大部头编年史。

3.N-IN-NAMES Chronicle is sometimes used as part of the name of a newspaper. …报

l...the San Francisco Chronicle.

 …旧金山报。

【写作积累】 in exchange for为了换取...

Be an early lesson for

The brand’s experience is far from unique, as a long list of Western companies have seen Chinese companies absorb their technology and become global competitors in sectors like diesel freight locomotives, high-speed electric trains and power station turbines.

吉普的经历远非独一无二,一大堆西方公司都眼瞅着中国公司吸纳它们的技术,然后在柴油货运机车、高速电动火车、电厂用涡轮机等领域成为它们的全球竞争者。

diesel /ˈdiːzəl/  

1.N-MASS Diesel or diesel oil is the heavy fuel used in a diesel engine. 柴油

2.N-COUNT A diesel is a vehicle which has a diesel engine. 柴油车

l I keep hearing that diesels are better now than ever before.

  我总听说现在的柴油车比以往的都好。

locomotive /ˌləʊkəˈməʊtɪv/

N-COUNT A locomotive is a large vehicle that pulls a train. 火车头

lAt the conductor's whistle the engine-driver starts his locomotive-engine.

乘务员哨声一响, 司机开动机车。

【写作积累】be far from unique远非独一无二

Tariffs and other taxes shielded the domestic automotive industry in particular from international competition and allowed companies like Great Wall to grow into strong competitors. Chinese manufacturers now hold not only much of their home country’s market for sport utility vehicles, but also large shares of emerging markets in South America, Africa and Southeast Asia, where cost-conscious buyers like Chinese producers’ deeply discounted prices and don’t mind the basic designs and sometimes uneven quality.

关税以及其他一些税种尤其保护了中国汽车业不受国际竞争的冲击,让长城等公司成长为强有力的竞争者。中国车企目前不仅占领了本国的很大一部分SUV市场,其产品还在南美、非洲、东南亚等新兴市场上大行其道——那些地方的买家对价格很敏感,他们喜欢中国车企开出的大打折扣的价格,不甚在意简单的设计以及时而参差不齐的质量。

【写作积累】 hold market for 占据...市场

 deeply discounted prices大打折扣的价格

More recently, Fiat Chrysler has been expanding Jeep manufacturing in the past two years in China, starting production in Changsha and Guangzhou, two big manufacturing centers in the country’s southeast. But it now faces well-financed domestic competitors with highly developed supply chains and considerable economies of scale.

往近里说,过去两年间,菲亚特克莱斯勒一直致力于在中国东南部的两个大型制造业中心长沙和广州扩大吉普的生产。但眼下,它要面对中国国内资金充裕的竞争对手,那些企业有着高度发达的供应链,得益于可观的规模经济效应。

well-financed

ADJ having received or receiving a sufficient amount of funds 得到良好资助的

l'The legislative process may just be too vulnerable to manipulation by very well-financed entities with an enormous amount of wealth and income at stake, ' he said.

他说,在事关巨量财富和收入的时候,立法进程或许实在太容易被那些财力雄厚的实体操弄;

economies of scale

N-PLURAL Economies of scale are the financial advantages that a company gains when it produces large quantities of products. 规模经济

lSome companies are simply trying to get bigger to achieve economies of scale.

  一些公司只是试图靠扩张获得规模经济。

Great Wall’s expression of interest might prod other suitors to come forward and start a process that could lead to Fiat Chrysler’s sale or breakup. Companies such as Volkswagen might be interested in parts of Fiat Chrysler such as Alfa Romeo, a maker of small and midsize passenger cars known for their Italian styling.

长城表达收购意向之举,或许会促使其他有同样意向的企业站出来,导致菲亚特克莱斯勒被出售或解体。大众(Volkswagen)等公司也许会属意菲亚特克莱斯勒旗下的品牌,比如生产以意大利风格小型及中型乘用车闻名的阿尔法·罗密欧。

prod /prɒd/

1.V-T If you prod someone or something, you give them a quick push with your finger or with a pointed object. (用手指或尖物) 捅

lHe prodded Murray with the shotgun.

 他用猎枪捅了默里一下。

lProd the windowsills to check for signs of rot.

 捅一捅窗台,看有没有腐烂迹象。

2.N-COUNT Prod is also a noun. 捅

lHe gave the donkey a mighty prod in the backside.

他在驴的屁股上狠狠地捅了一下。

3.V-T If you prod someone into doing something, you remind or persuade them to do it. 敦促

lThe question is intended to prod students into examining the concept of freedom.

这个问题旨在敦促学生探究自由这个概念。

suitor /ˈsuːtə/  

1.N-COUNT A woman's suitor is a man who wants to marry her. (女性的) 求婚者

l My mother had a suitor who adored her.

 我的母亲曾有一位爱慕她的求婚者。

2.N-COUNT A suitor is a company or organization that wants to buy another company. 求购公司

lThe company was making little progress in trying to find a suitor.

 该公司在寻找一家求购公司方面进展甚微。

There is a precedent for a Chinese acquisition of a European automaker — Zhejiang Geely Holding Group bought Volvo Cars of Sweden seven years ago.

中国人收购欧洲车企是有先例的——7年前,浙江吉利控股集团收购了瑞典的沃尔沃。

But any deal between Fiat Chrysler and Great Wall would face considerable obstacles.

但菲亚特克莱斯勒和长城之间的任何交易都会面临巨大的阻碍。

【写作积累】face considerable obstacles面临巨大阻碍

From the American perspective, politicians including President Trump have criticized China’s trade policies, and a number of lawmakers in the United States have called for tighter reviews of foreign deals, particularly ones involving China.

从美国方面看,特朗普总统等政治人物一直在批评中国的贸易政策,美国的很多议员都呼吁对涉外交易进行更严格的审查,尤其是涉及中国的交易。

【写作积累】called for tighter reviews of 呼吁对...进行更严格的审查

And China itself has tightened limits on acquisitions of foreign properties, out of concern that too much money has left the country to chase hotels and soccer clubs, among other entities.

由于担心有太多资金离开本国,去追逐酒店、足球俱乐部以及其他实体,中国自身也收紧了对并购海外资产的限制。

【写作积累】 tightened limits on收紧了对...的限制

For foreign auto brands, though, Beijing might make an exception. Despite being the world’s largest auto producer, and having made slow progress building cars for foreign brands like Ford and selling them abroad, China still exports only a tiny proportion of the vehicles it makes.

不过,如果追逐的是外国汽车品牌,北京或许会网开一面。尽管中国是世界上最大的汽车生产国,也在为福特(Ford)等外国品牌生产汽车方面逐渐取得了一些进展,但其出产的汽车只有很小一部分用于出口。

【写作积累】make an exception网开一面

A major issue for Chinese automakers is a lack of brand recognition overseas. Even at home, most Chinese car buyers prefer Chevrolets, Fords and Volkswagens made by foreign companies working with local partners.

中国车企面临的一个主要问题是在海外缺乏品牌知名度。即便在中国国内,大多数买家也更青睐由外国公司与当地合作伙伴共同生产的雪佛兰(Chevrolet)、福特和大众。

【写作积累】A major issue for... is... ...的主要问题是...

A shift to electric vehicles could provide an opening for Chinese automakers. The country is already the largest market for battery-powered cars, and buying an existing auto brand could provide a platform for a Chinese company to sell electric cars abroad.

电动汽车坐上风口,可能会为中国车企带来机会。中国已经成为最大的电动汽车市场,收购既有品牌可以让中国企业拥有在海外销售电动汽车的平台。

opening /ˈəʊpənɪŋ/  

1.ADJ The opening event, item, day, or week in a series is the first one. 第一个的

lThey returned to play in the season's opening game.

 他们回来参加了本赛季的首场比赛。

2.N-COUNT Theopeningof something such as a book, play, or concert is the first part of it. (书、戏剧、音乐会的) 开始部分

lThe opening of the scene depicts Akhnaten and his family in a moment of intimacy.

 开头一幕描述阿肯那顿及其家人亲密无间的一个时刻。

3.N-COUNT An opening is a hole or empty space through which things or people can pass. 缺口

lHe squeezed through a narrow opening in the fence.

 他从围栏的一个狭窄缺口挤了过去。

4.N-COUNT An opening in a forest is a small area where there are no trees or bushes. (林中) 空地

lI glanced down at the beach as we passed an opening in the trees.

 我们穿过林中空地时,我向下瞥了一眼海滩。

5.N-COUNT An opening is a good opportunity to do something, for example, to show people how good you are. 机遇

lHer capabilities were always there; all she needed was an opening to show them.

 她的能力一直就在那儿;她所需要的只是一个展示它们的机会。

6.N-COUNT An opening is a job that is available. 空缺的职位

lWe don't have any openings now, but we'll call you if something comes up.

 眼下我们没有空缺的职位。如果有了,我们会给你打电话的。

【写作积累】provide an opening for为...提供机会


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