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2018-05-08 英语热词

2018-5-8 20:42| 发布者: admin| 查看: 102| 评论: 0

摘要: 中国日报5月7日,四川省地震预警重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所在成都高新区宣布:将在四川、云南建设面向地震预报的我国首个地下云图网。According to the plan, 2,000 monitoring stations will be built in two ...

中国日报

5月7日,四川省地震预警重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所在成都高新区宣布:将在四川、云南建设面向地震预报的我国首个地下云图网。

 

According to the plan, 2,000 monitoring stations will be built in two years in Sichuan and Yunnan, two quake-prone provinces in southwest China, said scientists with the Institute of Care-life, a disaster-reduction lab based in Chengdu, capital of Sichuan.

 

四川省成都高新减灾研究所的科学家表示,按照规划,我国将用两年时间在四川和云南两个地震多发省份建立2000个监测站。

 

国内首个面向地震预报的地下云图网在四川开建

Aerial photo taken on March 28, 2018 shows the new Beichuan county, Southwest China's Sichuan province. [Photo/Xinhua]

 

地下云图网(underground seismic network for earthquake monitoring)是通过在四川、云南建设2000个地下云图监测站(monitoring stations),实时关注与地震发生直接相关的物理量——地下应力和能量(underground stress and energy),从而形成它们的动态演化图。

 

新建设的川滇地下云图网的主要科学目标是,解决浅源(深度小于20千米)破坏性地震的临震预报(to predict shallow earthquakes whose epicenters are less than 20 kilometers deep)难题。临震预报(imminent earthquake prediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。

 

按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitor the region for three years and expect to collect data on about 10 earthquakes in this period),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。目前,首个地下云图网监测站和传感设备,已在汶川县映秀地震台部署完成。

 

地震之所以可怕,除了其来势迅猛,猝不及防外,还因为它往往破坏力惊人。英语中,描述其破坏力的词,按由轻到重的次序大致有damage,destroy, devastate,shatter,level,flatten等等。

 

Damage 是指“损害,破坏”,但不是特别严重,还可以修复的那种,比如:

 

Apart from hydropower projects, the earthquake damaged some power equipment manufacturers in Sichuan including Dongfang Electric in Hanwang in Deyang that was badly damaged when several buildings collapsed, causing several hundred deaths.

 

除了水电站,地震还破坏了四川的一些供电设施工厂,德阳市汉旺镇的东方电气受损严重,几栋建筑物倒塌,数百人死亡。

 

Destroy 表示“完全破坏,消灭,摧毁,夺去人的生命”,被摧毁的物件不能再用。比如:

 

Disasters, such as the quake, that destroy lives somehow create a renewed sense of selfless compassion.

 

像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。

 

Devastate 也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy 通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate 还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:

 

She was devastated by the loss of her mother.

 

母亲的死击垮了她。

 

地震可以destroy我们,但不能devastate我们。

 

Shatter 指“粉碎,砸碎,毁坏,毁灭”,比如在地震中那些破碎的玻璃和房屋:

 

All the glass and some of the buildings shattered when the earthquake hit the city.

 

地震来袭的时候,所有的玻璃都震碎了,一些建筑物也损毁了。

 

Level 和 flatten 的意思差不多,都是表示受害非常严重,“被夷为平地”,比如:

 

The quake leveled entire towns, flattening the simple adobe, brick structures and leaving nothing but rubble.

 

地震夷平了整个城镇,摧毁了简易土坯房和砖结构建筑,只留下一片废墟。

 

【相关词汇】

 

浅源地震 shallow earthquake

 

破坏性地震 destructive earthquake

 

震中 epicenter

 

地震波 seismic wave

 

地震预报 earthquake prediction

 

震级 earthquake magnitude

 

余震 aftershock

 

地震次生灾害 seismic secondary disaster

 

北京周报

以受贿罪判处无期徒刑be sentenced to life in prison for taking bribes;

剥夺政治权利终身be deprived of his political rights for life;

没收个人全部财产。All his personal property was confiscated.

对孙政才受贿所得财物及孳息予以追缴。His illegal gains and relevant yields they generated will be retrieved.

天津市第一中级人民法院 the First Intermediate People's Court of Tianjin Municipality

 

卢敏微博

41 不可推卸的义务

an indispensable duty

42 满足需求

satisfy/ meet the needs / requirements of…

43 宝贵的自然资源

valuable natural resources

44 方便快捷

convenient and efficient

45 在人类生活的方方面面

in all aspects of human life

46 社会进步的体现

a symbol of social progress

47 科技的飞速更新

the accelerated updating of science and technology

48 有/提供如下理由/ 证据

have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence

49 在一定程度上

to some extent/degree / in some way

50 理论和实践相结合

integrate theory with practice / apply theory to practice

51发挥着日益重要的作用

play an increasingly important / vital role in…

52 对…必不可少

be indispensable to …

53 正如谚语所说 / 如图所示

as the proverb goes: / as can be seen from the picture

54 …也不例外

…be no exception

55 对…产生有利/不利的影响

exert positive/negative effects on…

56 利远远大于弊

the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.

57 导致,引起

lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in

58 复杂的社会现象

a complicated social phenomenon

59 责任感 / 成就感

sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement

60 竞争与合作精神

sense of competition and cooperation

61 开阔眼界

widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

62 学习知识和技能

acquire knowledge and skills

63 禁不住做某事

can't help doing sth.

64 做…有困难

have difficulty(trouble) (in) doing sth.

65 做某事毫无用处

It’s no use doing sth.

66 没必要做某事

There's no point in doing sth.

67 对某事/某人有影响

have an influence on sth. /sb.

68 把…强加于某人

impose sth. on sb.

69 不比任何人差,首屈一指

be second to none

70 同意做某事

have no objection to doing sth

21 长远利益

interest in the long run

22 …有其自身的优缺点

… has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages

23 扬长避短

exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones

24 取其精华,去其糟粕

take the essence and discard the dross

25 对…有害

do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to

26 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息

exchange ideas/emotions/ information

27 采取有效措施来…

take effective measures to do sth.

28 …的健康发展

the healthy development of …

2 9更不要说

not to speak of/not to mention/let alone

30 …有利有弊

every coin has two sides.

31 在…之前

prior to

32 经济/心理负担

financial burden /psychological burden

33 考虑到诸多因素

take many factors into account/ consideration

34 从另一个角度

from another perspective

35 做出共同努力

make joint efforts

36对…有益

be beneficial /conducive to…

37为社会做贡献

make contributions to the society

38 打下坚实的基础

lay a solid foundation for…

39 综合素质

comprehensive quality

40 致力于/ 投身于

be committed /devoted to…

1 重视

attach great importance to… /priority should be given to…

2 把某事考虑在内

take sth. into account /consideration

3 某事值得做

be worth doing

4 第二大经济体

the second largest economy

5 取决于某事

Sth. depends on sth.

6 社会地位

social status

7 把时间和精力放在…上

spend time and energy / focus on…

8 身心两方面

both physically and mentally

9 提出折中提议

set forth a compromised proposal

10 社会进步的反映

A mirror of social progress

11 充分利用

make full use of /take advantage of...

12 承受更大的…压力

suffer from heavier pressure of … / heavier burden of …

13 保障社会的稳定和繁荣

guarantee the stability and prosperity of the society

14 更多地强调

put more emphasis on…

15 适应社会发展

adapt oneself to the development of society

16 从…到…;在…范围内变动

range from… to…

17主要理由列举如下

the main reasons are listed as follows:

18 …必然趋势

an irresistible trend of…

19 日益激烈的社会竞争

the increasingly fierce / keen social competition

20 眼前利益

immediate interest/ short-term interest


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